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Problem-solving courts are innovative programs designed to address an offender's underlying problem. Court Services staff facilitate efficient and comprehensive problem-solving court programs through training, education, planning, evaluation, monitoring, funding opportunities, technical assistance, and establishing operational standards and guidelines.


Certification Process and Best Practices Manuals

Michigan's problem-solving courts are achieving certification.  A certified program is following all standards and required best practices from the Standards, Best Practices, and Promising Practices manual for that program type.  The manuals also include model documents to assist your program with meeting the document requirements for certification. Find the manuals and other resources on our Training and Resources​ page.  If you would like to request training or technical assistance, please contact your regional administrator.  If you have questions, please contact​


Drug Court Case Management Information System  


The Michigan Drug Court Case Management Information System (DCCMIS) was developed by the State Court Administrative Office as a tool to facilitate the daily operations of problem-solving courts, as well as to collect data for subsequent analysis and evaluation. The system is a web-based, menu-driven application accessible through the internet, and is organized around a series of screens associated with a client's case. Most users do not require any special computer expertise in order to navigate the system. DCCMIS is designed to manage all client information from initial intake to program completion and beyond. The system stores client-level data and produces summary information needed by judges and court staff to facilitate problem-solving court decision making.




The State Court Administrative Office is responsible for system hosting and maintenance. The only cost to local problem-solving courts is for a high speed internet connection and upgrades to PC software and hardware, if needed. The State Court Administrative Office provides user training at no cost.



All courts receiving funding through the Michigan Drug Court Grant Program (MDCGP), the Michigan Mental Health Court Grant Program (MDHCGP), the Michigan Veterans Treatment Court Grant Program (MVTCGP), Swift and Sure Sanctions Probation Program (SSSPP), the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (Byrne JAG), or the Office of Highway Safety Planning (OHSP) are required to use the system as a condition of funding. Other problem-solving courts are encouraged, but not required, to use the system. A letter of agreement between user courts and the State Court Administrative Office outlines the responsibilities for system use and maintenance. Any court interested in using the DCCMIS should contact the State Court Administrative Office.


​Measuring Recidivism among Problem-Solving Courts and the Swift and Sure Sanctions Probation Program

Problem-solving courts (PSC) offer judicial programs that provide alternatives to imprisonment for nonviolent criminal offenders with substance use disorders (SUD) and mental illnesses.  The program types include: adult and juvenile drug courts, adult and juvenile mental health courts, and veterans treatment courts.  To address offenders cycling in-and-out of the criminal justice system, PSCs use a specialized therapeutic jurisprudence model designed to treat the underlying cause of the criminal behavior and thus reduce future reoffending, or recidivism.

The goal of Swift and Sure Sanctions Probation Program (SSSPP) is to increase compliance with felony probation terms and further entanglements with the criminal justice system by punishing noncompliance immediately, fairly, and with certainty toward behavior change.  Unlike PSCs, the SSSPP is not a treatment-based program and uses jail most often as a sanctioning tool.

Both types of programs consider a reduction in criminal recidivism as the primary goal.  In 2017, Public Act 2 amended the Code of Criminal Procedure to include specific measures for evaluating recidivism.  MCL 761.1(s) states, “‘Recidivism’ means any rearrest, reconviction, or reincarceration in prison or jail for a felony or misdemeanor offense or a probation or parole violation of an individual as measured first after 3 years and again after 5 years from the date of his or her release from incarceration, placement on probation, or conviction, whichever is later.”  

Recidivism rates measure how many participants were convicted of a new offense in comparison to similar offenders who did not participate in problem-solving court programs.  For a more detailed definition of recidivism, see​:

*Veterans treatment courts are not yet included in the recidivism methodologies.



Michigan's Problem-Solving Courts: Solving Problems, Saving Lives

This annual report​​ about Michigan's problem-solving courts tells stories of judges, court staff, prosecutors, law enforcement personnel and treatment professionals working together, case by case, to make a positive difference in the lives of participants. It also includes a technical analysis that focuses on court performance and outcomes from October 1 to September 30 of the report year.​



Staff Contact

Court Services Division

Problem-Solving Courts

PO Box 30048

Lansing, MI 48909

Phone:  (517) 373-7351

Fax:  (517) 373-0974

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SCAO Staff Directory​​​