Navigate Up
Sign In

Family photoMichigan Child Welfare Training Clearinghouse

Welcome!

 

The Michigan Child Welfare Training Clearinghouse is designed to provide a central location for child welfare training opportunities across the State of Michigan from the primary training providers. The training providers include: Children’s Trust Fund, DHHS Office of Workforce Development and Training, DHHS University In-Service, Michigan Federation for Children and Families, Prosecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan Child Abuse Training Services, and State Court Administrative Office.

 

Training programs are listed by profession.  To register for a training or obtain further information, please click on the registration link specific to each training.


Click here for Training ​​​​Provider Contact Information​​​​

Wish to ad​d a trainin​g program?

To inquire about adding a training program to the Training Clearinghouse, please contact Darla Brandon at BrandondD@courts.mi.gov or (517) 373-8036.


Trainings ​

​​
  
  
  
  
  
  
collapse Audience : Adoption Workers ‎(13)
TitleInterconnections Between Child Welfare and Human Trafficking: Why So Many Children?
Event Date4/30/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://www.emich.edu/chhs/sw/activities/index.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Eastern Michigan University
Description This training’s primary purpose will be to examine the relationship between children in the child welfare system and their involvement with human trafficking, especially child sexual exploitation.
 
TitleBecoming Culturally Competent and Practicing Cultural Humility to Work Effectively with Diverse Populations
Event Date5/21/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThis interactive training will discuss the critical role of use of self in working with culturally diverse populations.
 
TitleNavigating the Education System for Youth in Care
Event Date5/3/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationfile://http://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThe purpose of this training is to provide CPS, foster care, and adoption workers a thorough understanding of the education system and supports for general and special education students.
 
TitleGreat Gains! Managing Stress and Advancing Job Satisfaction
Event Date5/7/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://www.emich.edu/chhs/sw/activities/index.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Eastern Michigan University
DescriptionThis training will allow participants an opportunity to understand stress and develop skills in combatting stress. Further, participants will develop skills in grounding themselves in the great gains from one of the most important jobs.
 
TitleCreating a Culturally Humble Child Welfare System
Event Date5/7/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.gvsu.edu/swce
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Grand Valley State University
DescriptionThis training will provide participants with an opportunity to learn and dialogue on how we may move forward as a child welfare system in a culturally humble way.
 
TitleEngaging Refugee Youth in Their Transitional Foster Care Placement
Event Date6/11/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.andrews.edu/cas/socialwork/continuing
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Andrews University
DescriptionLearn about the process of unaccompanied minors arriving to our country. Upon arrival to our country, undocumented and unaccompanied minors will most likely be picked up by border patrol.
 
TitleHuman Trafficking for Child Welfare Professionals
Event Date6/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThe discussion will include how to assess for human trafficking, MDHHS policies and procedures regarding child victims of human trafficking, specific Michigan laws related to trafficking of minors, and important immigration considerations.
 
TitleStrategies for Supporting Youth Who Experienced Sexual Assault
Event Date6/9/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThis training will provide the skills for CPS, foster care, and adoption workers to support adolescents who have been sexually assaulted.
 
TitleHealing Racial Violence: The Power of Consciousness and Communication
Event Date8/12/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThis will open up a cross-cultural communication among peers and colleagues that will offer incident response methods and address the underlying, long-term effect on community relations.
 
TitleSecondary Trauma: Compassion Fatigue and How to Recognize It
Event Date9/10/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.andrews.edu/cas/socialwork/continuing
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Andrews University
DescriptionIn this training, participants will be prepared to understand and increase their ability to recognize the emotional, cognitive, and physical symptoms of secondary trauma.
 
TitleUsing an Equity Framework in Child Welfare
Event Date9/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThis training will outline strategies in using equity as a framework in child welfare.
 
TitleUsing an Equity Framework in Child Welfare
Event Date9/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThis training will outline strategies in using equity as a framework in child welfare. Using an equity framework leads to just outcomes in which everyone has access to opportunities.
 
TitleMaintaining Family Roots: The Impact of Sibling and Relative Relationships and Community Connections on a Child’s Well-being, Permanency, and Identity
Event Date9/17/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.gvsu.edu/swce
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Grand Valley State University
DescriptionThis training will help child welfare staff move beyond just understanding relevant policy, to being able to realistically work to maintain the child’s connections, i.e., roots, at various stages of the child welfare case.
 
collapse Audience : All Child Welfare Professionals ‎(3)
TitleCATS POP UP PRESENTATION
Event Date4/29/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/7906909586578988043
ProviderProsecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan
DescriptionAll CATS Pop Up presentations will follow in line with what our previous trainings have been. They will center around professionals working in the child abuse field.
 
TitleChild Caring Institution (CCI) Transformation
Event Date5/18/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://051821CCItransformation.eventbrite.com
ProviderState Court Administrative Office Child Welfare Services
DescriptionThe training will focus on: eliminating unnecessary placement of youth into residential treatment facilities, ensuring necessary placements are short-term, and providing the highest level of safety and quality of care during placement.
 
TitleFORENSIC INTERVIEWING LAB: ONGOING
Event DateOngoing
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSe240ixTh9jvCOhsAzT3Qch_ErUaYtRyX6kim3PSzaxfC5Acw/viewform?vc=0&c=0&w=1&flr=0
ProviderProsecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan
DescriptionThe pre-requisites are you must have completed the PAAM/CATS Forensic Interviewing Seminar and conduct forensic interviews as part of your job.
 
collapse Audience : Children's Protective Services Specialists ‎(14)
TitleI am a Witness:  Preparing and Testifying in Court
Event Date4/29/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/4067810807169506320
ProviderProsecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan
DescriptionThis webinar is designed to give social workers, police officers, forensic interviewers and others who are called as witnesses, an understanding of how to properly prepare, give testimony and standup to cross examination in cases that focus on children.
 
TitleInterconnections Between Child Welfare and Human Trafficking: Why So Many Children?
Event Date4/30/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://www.emich.edu/chhs/sw/activities/index.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Eastern Michigan University
DescriptionThis training’s primary purpose will be to examine the relationship between children in the child welfare system and their involvement with human trafficking, especially child sexual exploitation.
 
TitleBecoming Culturally Competent and Practicing Cultural Humility to Work Effectively with Diverse Populations
Event Date5/21/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThis interactive training will discuss the critical role of use of self in working with culturally diverse populations.
 
TitleNavigating the Education System for Youth in Care
Event Date5/3/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp:// socialwork@ferris.edu
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThe purpose of this training is to provide CPS, foster care, and adoption workers a thorough understanding of the education system and supports for general and special education students.
 
TitleGreat Gains! Managing Stress and Advancing Job Satisfaction
Event Date5/7/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://www.emich.edu/chhs/sw/activities/index.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Eastern Michigan University
Description This training will allow participants an opportunity to understand stress and develop skills in combatting stress. Further, participants will develop skills in grounding themselves in the great gains from one of the most important jobs.
 
TitleCreating a Culturally Humble Child Welfare System
Event Date5/7/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.gvsu.edu/swce
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Grand Valley State University
DescriptionThis training will provide participants with an opportunity to learn and dialogue on how we may move forward as a child welfare system in a culturally humble way.
 
TitleEngaging Refugee Youth in Their Transitional Foster Care Placement
Event Date6/11/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.andrews.edu/cas/socialwork/continuing
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Andrews University
DescriptionLearn about the process of unaccompanied minors arriving to our country. Upon arrival to our country, undocumented and unaccompanied minors will most likely be picked up by border patrol.
 
TitleHuman Trafficking for Child Welfare Professionals
Event Date6/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
Description The discussion will include how to assess for human trafficking, MDHHS policies and procedures regarding child victims of human trafficking, specific Michigan laws related to trafficking of minors, and important immigration considerations.
 
TitleStrategies for Supporting Youth Who Experienced Sexual Assault
Event Date6/9/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThis training will provide the skills for CPS, foster care, and adoption workers to support adolescents who have been sexually assaulted.
 
TitleHealing Racial Violence: The Power of Consciousness and Communication
Event Date8/12/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThis will open up a cross-cultural communication among peers and colleagues that will offer incident response methods and address the underlying, long-term effect on community relations.
 
TitleSecondary Trauma: Compassion Fatigue and How to Recognize It
Event Date9/10/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.andrews.edu/cas/socialwork/continuing
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Andrews University
DescriptionIn this training, participants will be prepared to understand and increase their ability to recognize the emotional, cognitive, and physical symptoms of secondary trauma.
 
TitleUsing an Equity Framework in Child Welfare
Event Date9/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
Description This training will outline strategies in using equity as a framework in child welfare.
 
TitleUsing an Equity Framework in Child Welfare
Event Date9/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThis training will outline strategies in using equity as a framework in child welfare. Using an equity framework leads to just outcomes in which everyone has access to opportunities.
 
TitleMaintaining Family Roots: The Impact of Sibling and Relative Relationships and Community Connections on a Child’s Well-being, Permanency, and Identity
Event Date9/17/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.gvsu.edu/swce
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Grand Valley State University
Description This training will help child welfare staff move beyond just understanding relevant policy, to being able to realistically work to maintain the child’s connections, i.e., roots, at various stages of the child welfare case.
 
collapse Audience : Family Preservation Workers ‎(13)
TitleInterconnections Between Child Welfare and Human Trafficking: Why So Many Children?
Event Date4/30/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://www.emich.edu/chhs/sw/activities/index.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Eastern Michigan University
DescriptionThis training’s primary purpose will be to examine the relationship between children in the child welfare system and their involvement with human trafficking, especially child sexual exploitation.
 
TitleBecoming Culturally Competent and Practicing Cultural Humility to Work Effectively with Diverse Populations
Event Date5/21/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThis interactive training will discuss the critical role of use of self in working with culturally diverse populations.
 
TitleNavigating the Education System for Youth in Care
Event Date5/3/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
Description: The purpose of this training is to provide CPS, foster care, and adoption workers a thorough understanding of the education system and supports for general and special education students.
 
TitleGreat Gains! Managing Stress and Advancing Job Satisfaction
Event Date5/7/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://www.emich.edu/chhs/sw/activities/index.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Eastern Michigan University
Description This training will allow participants an opportunity to understand stress and develop skills in combatting stress. Further, participants will develop skills in grounding themselves in the great gains from one of the most important jobs.
 
TitleCreating a Culturally Humble Child Welfare System
Event Date5/7/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.gvsu.edu/swce
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Grand Valley State University
DescriptionThis training will provide participants with an opportunity to learn and dialogue on how we may move forward as a child welfare system in a culturally humble way
 
TitleEngaging Refugee Youth in Their Transitional Foster Care Placement
Event Date6/11/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.andrews.edu/cas/socialwork/continuing
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Andrews University
DescriptionLearn about the process of unaccompanied minors arriving to our country. Upon arrival to our country, undocumented and unaccompanied minors will most likely be picked up by border patrol.
 
TitleHuman Trafficking for Child Welfare Professionals
Event Date6/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
Description The discussion will include how to assess for human trafficking, MDHHS policies and procedures regarding child victims of human trafficking, specific Michigan laws related to trafficking of minors, and important immigration considerations.
 
TitleStrategies for Supporting Youth Who Experienced Sexual Assault
Event Date6/9/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThis training will provide the skills for CPS, foster care, and adoption workers to support adolescents who have been sexually assaulted.
 
TitleHealing Racial Violence: The Power of Consciousness and Communication
Event Date8/12/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
Description This will open up a cross-cultural communication among peers and colleagues that will offer incident response methods and address the underlying, long-term effect on community relations.
 
TitleSecondary Trauma: Compassion Fatigue and How to Recognize It
Event Date9/10/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.andrews.edu/cas/socialwork/continuing
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Andrews University
DescriptionIn this training, participants will be prepared to understand and increase their ability to recognize the emotional, cognitive, and physical symptoms of secondary trauma.
 
TitleUsing an Equity Framework in Child Welfare
Event Date9/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThis training will outline strategies in using equity as a framework in child welfare.
 
TitleUsing an Equity Framework in Child Welfare
Event Date9/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThis training will outline strategies in using equity as a framework in child welfare. Using an equity framework leads to just outcomes in which everyone has access to opportunities.
 
TitleMaintaining Family Roots: The Impact of Sibling and Relative Relationships and Community Connections on a Child’s Well-being, Permanency, and Identity
Event Date9/17/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.gvsu.edu/swce
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Grand Valley State University
DescriptionThis training will help child welfare staff move beyond just understanding relevant policy, to being able to realistically work to maintain the child’s connections, i.e., roots, at various stages of the child welfare case.
 
collapse Audience : Foster Care Specialists ‎(16)
TitleI am a Witness:  Preparing and Testifying in Court
Event Date4/29/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/4067810807169506320
ProviderProsecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan
DescriptionThis webinar is designed to give social workers, police officers, forensic interviewers and others who are called as witnesses, an understanding of how to properly prepare, give testimony and standup to cross examination in cases that focus on children.
 
TitleInterconnections Between Child Welfare and Human Trafficking: Why So Many Children?
Event Date4/30/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://www.emich.edu/chhs/sw/activities/index.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Eastern Michigan University
DescriptionThis training’s primary purpose will be to examine the relationship between children in the child welfare system and their involvement with human trafficking, especially child sexual exploitation.
 
TitleBecoming Culturally Competent and Practicing Cultural Humility to Work Effectively with Diverse Populations
Event Date5/21/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThis interactive training will discuss the critical role of use of self in working with culturally diverse populations.
 
TitleNavigating the Education System for Youth in Care
Event Date5/3/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThe purpose of this training is to provide CPS, foster care, and adoption workers a thorough understanding of the education system and supports for general and special education students.
 
TitleGreat Gains! Managing Stress and Advancing Job Satisfaction
Event Date5/7/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://www.emich.edu/chhs/sw/activities/index.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Eastern Michigan University
DescriptionThis training will allow participants an opportunity to understand stress and develop skills in combatting stress. Further, participants will develop skills in grounding themselves in the great gains from one of the most important jobs.
 
TitleCreating a Culturally Humble Child Welfare System
Event Date5/7/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.gvsu.edu/swce
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Grand Valley State University
DescriptionThis training will provide participants with an opportunity to learn and dialogue on how we may move forward as a child welfare system in a culturally humble way.
 
TitleEngaging Refugee Youth in Their Transitional Foster Care Placement
Event Date6/11/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.andrews.edu/cas/socialwork/continuing
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Andrews University
DescriptionLearn about the process of unaccompanied minors arriving to our country. Upon arrival to our country, undocumented and unaccompanied minors will most likely be picked up by border patrol.
 
TitleHuman Trafficking for Child Welfare Professionals
Event Date6/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThe discussion will include how to assess for human trafficking, MDHHS policies and procedures regarding child victims of human trafficking, specific Michigan laws related to trafficking of minors, and important immigration considerations.
 
TitleStrategies for Supporting Youth Who Experienced Sexual Assault
Event Date6/9/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.ferris.edu/socialwork
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service:  Ferris State University
DescriptionThis training will provide the skills for CPS, foster care, and adoption workers to support adolescents who have been sexually assaulted.
 
TitleHealing Racial Violence: The Power of Consciousness and Communication
Event Date8/12/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
Description This will open up a cross-cultural communication among peers and colleagues that will offer incident response methods and address the underlying, long-term effect on community relations.
 
TitleSecondary Trauma: Compassion Fatigue and How to Recognize It
Event Date9/10/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.andrews.edu/cas/socialwork/continuing
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Andrews University
DescriptionIn this training, participants will be prepared to understand and increase their ability to recognize the emotional, cognitive, and physical symptoms of secondary trauma.
 
TitleUsing an Equity Framework in Child Welfare
Event Date9/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
Description This training will outline strategies in using equity as a framework in child welfare. Using an equity framework leads to just outcomes in which everyone has access to opportunities.
 
TitleUsing an Equity Framework in Child Welfare
Event Date9/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThis training will outline strategies in using equity as a framework in child welfare.
 
TitleUsing an Equity Framework in Child Welfare
Event Date9/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThis training will outline strategies in using equity as a framework in child welfare.
 
TitleUsing an Equity Framework in Child Welfare
Event Date9/15/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://socialwork.msu.edu/ceu/catalog.php
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Michigan State University
DescriptionThis training will outline strategies in using equity as a framework in child welfare. Using an equity framework leads to just outcomes in which everyone has access to opportunities.
 
TitleMaintaining Family Roots: The Impact of Sibling and Relative Relationships and Community Connections on a Child’s Well-being, Permanency, and Identity
Event Date9/17/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttp://www.gvsu.edu/swce
ProviderDHHS, University In-Service: Grand Valley State University
DescriptionThis training will help child welfare staff move beyond just understanding relevant policy, to being able to realistically work to maintain the child’s connections, i.e., roots, at various stages of the child welfare case.
 
collapse Audience : Law Enforcement ‎(1)
TitleI am a Witness:  Preparing and Testifying in Court
Event Date4/29/2021
LocationWebinar
Registrationhttps://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/4067810807169506320
ProviderProsecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan
DescriptionThis webinar is designed to give social workers, police officers, forensic interviewers and others who are called as witnesses, an understanding of how to properly prepare, give testimony and standup to cross examination in cases that focus on children.
 
Untitled Document
divider line
  

This project was funded by a federal Children’s Justice Act grant to the Governor’s Task Force on Child Abuse and Neglect administered through the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, under Section 107(a), (b), (c), (d), (e), and (f) of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) (42 U.S.C. 5106c et seq.) as amended by Public Law (P.L.) 111-320 enacted December 20, 2012, and the Victims of Crime Act of 1984, as amended (42 U.S.C. 10603 et seq.). In addition, this is a project of the Governor’s Task Force on Child Abuse Neglect, chaired by Detective Annie M. Harrison of the Ingham County Sheriff's Office.

 
 
logos: Children's Bureau; Mich Dept Health and Human Services; Prosecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan; US Dept of Health and Human Services; Mich Federation for Children and Families; Andrews University; Eastern Michigan University; Ferris State University; Grand Valley State University; Michigan State University; Spring Arbor University; University of Michigan; Western Michigan University; and Wayne State University