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​The Family First Prevention Services Act (FFPSA) 

The Family First Prevention Services Act of 2018 (FFPSA, 42 USC § 675a ) provides States and Tribes opportunities to use federal funding to increase support to children and families, as well as prevent foster care placements.  The Act focuses on family engagement and evidence-based practices, and requires increased judicial oversight to prevent the unnecessary or prolonged placement of children into congregate care settings in an effort to ensure that children are in the least restrictive, most family-like setting consistent with their permanency plan and unique needs.  The FFPSA is a monumental change in child welfare financing. The intent of the legislation is to shift the child welfare system from reactive to proactive by providing prevention services to families with children at risk of being removed from the home, as well as providing enhanced reunification services to families to allow children to be safely returned home as quickly as possible with appropriate supports in the home.

In order for States to become eligible for FFPSA prevention funding, they must first implement the Qualified Residential Treatment Program (QRTP) requirement of the Act.  Michigan enacted QRTP laws in January 2020 which now require increased court oversight of foster children placed in QRTPs, including the court’s documented approval or denial of a child’s initial placement into a QRTP (See MCL 722.123a). Continued court approval or denial of the appropriateness of the child’s placement in a QRTP will also be required at each review hearing thereafter (See MCL 712A.19 and 19a).  Both the initial court approval and the continued court approval will impact Title IV-E foster care funding reimbursability for the child (the child will not be eligible for federal funding if the court does not approve the placement in a QRTP).   Implementation of the new QRTP programs will take effect October 1, 2020.  

Click here​ to read the Federal Family First Prevention Services Act of 2018 from the National Center for State Courts.

Child Welfare Services

PO Box 30048

Lansing, MI 48909

Phone: (517) 373-8036

Fax: (517) 373-8922


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